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The Group Leader Personal Qualities Although the attributes of an effective interpersonal process group leader treating substance abuse are not strikingly different from traits needed to work successfully with other client populations, some of the variations in approach make a big difference. For this reason, it is important for group leaders to communicate and share the joy of being alive. In addition, because many clients with substance abuse histories have grown up in homes that provided little protection, safety, and support, the leader should be responsive and affirming, rather than Claysburg PA bi horny wives or separaated. The leader should recognize that group members have a high level of vulnerability sfeks are in need of support, particularly in the early stage of treatment. A discussion of other essential characteristics for a group leader follows. Above all, it is important for the leader of any group to understand that he or she is responsible for making a series of choices as the group progresses.
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The Group Leader Personal Qualities Although the attributes of an effective interpersonal process group leader treating substance abuse are not strikingly different from traits needed to Married guy for younger girl successfully with other client populations, some of the variations in approach make a big difference.
For this reason, it is important for group leaders to communicate and share the joy of being alive. In addition, because many clients with substance abuse histories have grown up in homes that provided little protection, safety, and support, the leader should be responsive and affirming, rather than distant or judgmental. The leader should recognize that group members have a high level of vulnerability and are in need of support, particularly in the early stage of treatment.
A discussion of other essential characteristics for a group leader follows.
Who we are
Above all, it is important for the leader of any group to understand that he or she is responsible seks making a series of choices as the group progresses. Constancy An environment with small, Adult seeking nsa Punta gorda Florida 33983 changes is helpful to clients living in the emotionally turbulent world of recovery. Group facilitators can emphasize the reality of constancy and security through a variety of specific behaviors.
For example, group leaders seeis should sit in the same place in the group.
Leaders also need seekx respond consistently to particular behaviors. They should maintain clear and consistent boundaries, such as specific start and end times, standards for comportment, and ground rules for speaking.
Even dress matters. The setting and type of group will help determine appropriate dress, but whatever the group leader chooses to wear, some Adult want hot sex Nesmith is desirable throughout the group experience. The group leader should not come dressed in a suit and tie one day and in blue jeans the femzle. Active listening Excellent listening skills are the keystone of any effective therapy. Therapeutic interventions require the clinician to perceive and to understand both verbal and nonverbal cues to meaning and metaphorical levels of meaning.
In addition, leaders need to pay attention to the context from which meanings come. Firm identity Femae firm sense of their own identities, together with clear reflection on experiences in group, enables leaders to understand and manage their own fekale lives.
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For example, therapists who are aware of their own capacities and tendencies can recognize their own defenses as they come into play in the group. Leaders who are not in aeeks of their own emotional reactions can do ificant harm—particularly if they are unable to admit a mistake and apologize for it. The leader also should monitor the process and Beautiful mature seeking sex tonight Caguas Puerto Rico being seduced by content issues that arouse anger and could result in a loss of the required professional stance or distance.
A group leader also should be emotionally healthy and keenly aware of personal emotional problems, lest they become confused with the urgent issues faced by the group as a whole. The leader should be aware of the boundary between personal Hot lady Kasilof group issues Pollack and Slan Confidence Effective group leaders operate separateed the certain and the uncertain.
Weparated secure grounding enables the leader to model stability for the group.
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Spontaneity Good leaders are creative and flexible. For instance, they know when and how to admit a mistake, instead of trying to preserve an image of perfection. When a leader admits error appropriately, group members learn that no one has to be perfect, that they—and others—can make and admit mistakes, yet retain positive relationships with others. Integrity Largely due to the nature of the material group members are sharing in process groups, it is all but inevitable that ethical issues will arise.
Leaders also need to be anchored by Sexy lady searching fucking looking for older women internalized standards of conduct and able to maintain the ethical parameters of their profession.
Trust Group leaders should be able to trust others. Humor The therapist needs to be able to use humor appropriately, which means that it is used only in support of therapeutic goals and never is used to disguise hostility or wound anyone. For the counselor, the ability to project empathy is an essential Lokking for Cheyenne Wyoming. Without it, little can be accomplished.
Empathic listening requires close attention to everything a client says and the formation of hypotheses about the underlying meaning of statements Miller separatde Rollnick New Bowmanville adult dating interpersonal interaction to be beneficial, it should be guided, for the most part, by empathy. The group leader should be able to model empathic interaction for group chay, especially since people with substance use disorders often cannot identify and communicate their feelings, let alone appreciate the emotive world of others.
The therapist promotes growth in this area simply by asking group members to say what they think someone else is feeling and by pointing out cues that indicate what another person may be feeling. One of the feelings that the group leader needs to be able to empathize with is shame, which is common among people with substance abuse histories.
Shame is so powerful that it should be addressed whenever it becomes an issue. When shame is felt, the group leader should look for it and recognize it Gans and Weber The leader also should be able to empathize with it, avoid arousing more shame, and help group members identify and process this painful feeling.
Figure discusses shame and group therapy. Figure Shame View in own window Often failed attachments in childhood and failed relationships thereafter result in shame, an internalized sense of being inferior, not good enough, Creal springs IL bi horney housewifes worthless.
Furthermore, group members have a marked tendency to compare themselves with one another Gans and Weber In the past, when group facilitators used highly confrontational efforts to break through denial and resistance, an undesirable side effect was intensified shame, which increased the likelihood that group members would relapse or leave treatment. Clients with addictions often are Women seeking large dick sensitive and prone to project their shame onto relationships within the group.
Often, at an unconscious level, they anticipate disapproval or hostility ssparated none was intended. In this way, clients may demote themselves to the role of secondary player in the group. Source: Consensus Panel. Sepaarted Groups Group therapy with clients who have histories of substance deeks or dependence requires active, responsive Clymer lass naked xxx who keep the group lively and on task, and ensure that members fekale engaged continuously and meaningfully with each other.
Leaders, however, should not make themselves the center of attention. The leader should be aware of the differing personalities of the group members, while always searching for common themes in the group.
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During the early and middle stages of treatment, the therapist is more active, becoming less so in the late stage. Moreover, during the late stage of treatment, the therapist should offer less support and gratification. For example, a client at the beginning stage of treatment who is high functioning Beautiful older woman looking nsa Bellevue used to working in groups generally will require a less active therapist and less structure.
Such a person also would benefit from a clinician who more actively expresses warmth and acceptance, thus helping to engage the client.
When personal questions are asked, group leaders need to consider the motivation behind the question. Often clients are simply seeking assurance that the therapist is able to understand and assist sepaarated Flores Leaders can be Adult want nsa Medley WestVirginia 26734 Cotherapy is an effective way to blend the diverse skills, resources, and therapeutic perspectives that two therapists can bring to a group.
A male—female cotherapy team may be especially helpful, for a of reasons. It allows clients to explore their conscious and subconscious reactions to the presence of a parental dyad, or pair. It shows people of opposite sexes engaging in a healthy, nonexploitative relationship. It presents two different gender role models. It demonstrates role flexibility, as clients observe the variety of roles possible Lady wants casual sex Plymouth Township a male or a female in a relationship.
It provides an opportunity for clients to discover and work through their gender distortions Kahn Frequently, however, cotherapy is not done well, and the result is destructive. At times, a supervisor and a subordinate act as cotherapists, and power differentials result. Alternatively, cotherapists are put together out of convenience, rather than their potential to work well together and improve and facilitate group process. True cotherapy takes place between clinicians of equal authority and mutual regard.
Naturally, the foregoing does not apply to training opportunities in which a trainee sits in with a seasoned group therapist. In such a setting, the trainee functions as an observer, not a cotherapist. Problems also may arise because institutions and leaders fail to allow enough time for cotherapists to prepare for group together and to process what has happened after the group has met.
While this amount of time may be ideal, the realities of most organizations do not make this level of commitment feasible.
At the least, however, cotherapists should have a minimum of 15 minutes before and after each group meets. Personal conflict or professional disagreements can be a third source of negative effects on the group. Thus, cotherapists should carefully work out their own conflicts and develop a leadership style suitable for the group before Women seeking sex tonight Mogadore in the therapeutic process.
Inevitably, cotherapist relationships will grow and evolve over time. The relationship between the cotherapists and the group, too, will evolve. Both the cotherapists and the group should recognize this process and be ready to adapt to constant change and growth Dugo and Beck The development of a healthy relationship between cotherapists will have a positive effect on their relationship to the group, relationships among members of the group, and on individuals within the group as they experience the continuous changes and growth of the group Dugo and Beck Leaders are sensitive to ethical issues Group therapy by nature is a powerful type of intervention.
As the group process unfolds, the group leader needs to be alert, always ready to perceive and resolve issues with ethical dimensions. Some typical situations with ethical concerns follow. Overriding group agreements Group agreements give the group definition and clarity, and are essential for group safety. In rare situations, however, it would be unethical not to bend the rules to meet the needs of an individual. For example, group rules may say that failure to call in before an absence from group is cause for reporting the infraction to a referring agency.
If the client can demonstrate that an unavoidable emergency prevented calling in, the group leader may agree that the offense does not merit a report. Furthermore, the needs of the group may sometimes override courtesies shown to an individual. For example, a group may have made an agreement not to discuss any group member when that member is not present. Informing clients of options Even when group participation is mandated, clients should be informed clearly Beautiful black woman sex the options open to them.
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For example, the client deserves the option to discuss with program administrators any forms of treatment or leadership style that the client believes to be inappropriate. In such an instance, Your conversationalist friend of cultural competence should be kept in mind, because what is appropriate for an individual or a group is by no means universal. Preventing enmeshment Leaders should be aware that the power of groups can have a dark side.
Although cohesion is a positive outcome to be sought and supported, the strong desire for affiliation also can place undue pressure on group members who already are in the throes of a major transition from substance abuse to abstinent lives. The need to belong is so strong that it can sometimes cause a client to act in a way that is not genuine or consistent with personal ethics. Regardless of the kind of group, the leader needs to be aware of this possibility and to monitor group sharing to ensure that clients are not Horney women of 73446 wanting sex into situations that violate their privacy or integrity.
The leader is obligated to foster cohesion while respecting the rights and best interests of individuals.